Research in 100 words

Research in 100 words

Attachment-1

Simple summaries for busy teachers.

In the staff room, by the photocopier, on the back of the toilet door!

I hope that you find them useful.

NEW RESEARCH SUMMARIES:

Common Myths:
https://www.dropbox.com/s/u3764f3re8avucx/slic100%20Common%20myths.pdf?dl=0

Elaborative interrogation:
https://www.dropbox.com/s/7qfoavblv4of8hm/slic100%20elaborative%20interrogation.pdf?dl=0

Mindset:
https://www.dropbox.com/s/97zw8rc44650r43/slic100%20mindset.pdf?dl=0

Using data:
https://www.dropbox.com/s/ro220dki8ry4l7e/slic100%20Using%20data.pdf?dl=0

Working memory:
https://www.dropbox.com/s/3l06up6pflkwhl0/slic100%20working%20memory.pdf?dl=0

Ability groupings:
https://www.dropbox.com/s/fy8a4mzay6yy4r7/slic100%20Ability%20grouping.pdf?dl=0

Self regulation:
https://www.dropbox.com/s/kn02t76szmjv9co/slic100%20self%20regulation.pdf?dl=0

ORIGINAL RESEARCH SUMMARIES

 Ask questions:
https://www.dropbox.com/s/d5baa25vngqbv0j/slic100%20ask%20questions.pdf?dl=0

Check understanding:
https://www.dropbox.com/s/yxhl556iq68mo1s/slic100%20check%20for%20understanding.pdf?dl=0

Cognitive load:
https://www.dropbox.com/s/587zgdcza2ejel8/slic100%20cognitive%20load.pdf?dl=0

Daily review:
https://www.dropbox.com/s/1a2ayvjyt210zx1/slic100%20daily%20review.pdf?dl=0

Pair words with graphics:
https://www.dropbox.com/s/9fdxqjpbnya3stc/slic100%20pair%20words%20with%20graphics.pdf?dl=0

Independent practice:
https://www.dropbox.com/s/htd0f9798laqx2t/slic100%20practice.pdf?dl=0

Provide models:
https://www.dropbox.com/s/f7z3e9o0qaimvit/slic100%20provide%20models.pdf?dl=0

Scaffolds for difficult tasks:
https://www.dropbox.com/s/h1q8q7hy08szplu/slic100%20scaffolds.pdf?dl=0

Present material in small steps:
https://www.dropbox.com/s/879xa1mols39825/slic100%20small%20steps.pdf?dl=0

Retrieval practice:                                   https://www.dropbox.com/s/1w33urtx6030s9s/slic100%20retrieval%20practice.pdf?dl=0

Alternating solved and unsolved problems:  https://www.dropbox.com/s/y9r4dn9ohws6wng/slic100%20alternating%20solved%20and%20unsolved.pdf?dl=0

Beliefs about intelligence:                 https://www.dropbox.com/s/n5f1wbbm7ogtegi/Beliefs%20about%20intelligence.pdf?dl=0

Know facts:                                                      https://www.dropbox.com/s/37gohawyj695shq/slic100%20know%20facts.pdf?dl=0

What they already know:                             https://www.dropbox.com/s/q2wf8gy8zcjgh5d/slic100%20what%20they%20already%20know.pdf?dl=0

Feedback:                                                   https://www.dropbox.com/s/fey8p4lfkiugzkb/slic100%20feedback.pdf?dl=0

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Talk like… resources

If you can say it then you have a better chance of writing it.

This is not a post about teaching literacy but simply a post with some resources attached (see below).

At Bridgwater College Academy, levels of literacy are currently low on entry and just one of the many strategies we use is to encourage and insist on the use of the correct subject specific academic language in full sentences – from Reception through to Key Stage 4.

Picture1If children can say ’tyrannosaurus rex’ then they can say ‘gastrocnemius’ or ‘latissimus dorsi’.

Our year 4 children can!

Picture2

So here are some posters we put around the academy to remind and encourage our children to sound like they know what they are talking about!

I have shared these via twitter (@chrismoyse) and several people have asked for copies so here they are. Download links are below.

arfeqgrPicture3svsdvw

TALK LIKE…

Sportswomen, sportsmen and coaches https://www.dropbox.com/s/33kqsb8rqz8vz57/coaches.pdf?dl=0 https://www.dropbox.com/s/4n068agg8akeb34/gymnasts.pdf?dl=0       https://www.dropbox.com/s/j7nagqhtscp75ss/sports%20analysts.pdf?dl=0

Dancers                                                            https://www.dropbox.com/s/5ixokkq62fk19wt/dancer.pdf?dl=0

Chemists, biologists, physicists and scientists https://www.dropbox.com/s/7bofgen83uadwsf/biology2.pdf?dl=0 https://www.dropbox.com/s/1qlox2k84v9bk4m/biology.pdf?dl=0 https://www.dropbox.com/s/rb76jec20q446lw/chemists.pdf?dl=0 https://www.dropbox.com/s/v9fjcaie8tjginz/physics.pdf?dl=0 https://www.dropbox.com/s/q3otwglyvln3y8v/Scientist%202.pdf?dl=0

https://www.dropbox.com/s/g6m2j0u1m6xp3me/physics4.pdf?dl=0
https://www.dropbox.com/s/vxvtcyvio7ng29m/Biology4.pdf?dl=0
https://www.dropbox.com/s/28iwqlcz2a36mve/Biology3.pdf?dl=0
https://www.dropbox.com/s/n8dlumxax6p30a2/physics3.pdf?dl=0
https://www.dropbox.com/s/q3otwglyvln3y8v/Scientist%202.pdf?dl=0
https://www.dropbox.com/s/wea65xj6elzito5/scientist2.pdf?dl=0
https://www.dropbox.com/s/9bzs1jmlimxre1x/chemists4.pdf?dl=0
https://www.dropbox.com/s/2smhrr1qtqka6gs/chemists3.pdf?dl=0
https://www.dropbox.com/s/16zfuq4eim1t1st/chemists2.pdf?dl=0

Historians                                                     https://www.dropbox.com/s/ioyvf23aybemhfe/historian%202.pdf?dl=0 https://www.dropbox.com/s/69367j00yzcuh4y/historian.pdf?dl=0

Designers                                                   https://www.dropbox.com/s/r8iayklp164hcqa/designers.pdf?dl=0       https://www.dropbox.com/s/ftwq6qb8f8hrovz/designers2.pdf?dl=0

Musicians
https://www.dropbox.com/s/5bbvzk1erv35h9r/musician.pdf?dl=0

Chefs                                                                   https://www.dropbox.com/s/ryihk3hi7z37i7e/chefs.pdf?dl=0

Artists                                                       https://www.dropbox.com/s/gdcgcgfi4vqu6j2/artists.pdf?dl=0

The French                                  https://www.dropbox.com/s/n8myybmb4e4bmec/french.pdf?dl=0

The Spanish                                                 https://www.dropbox.com/s/fosskzgud1zftig/spanish.pdf?dl=0

Linguists                                        https://www.dropbox.com/s/v6us0simu9egqzf/linguists.pdf?dl=0

Philosophers                                   https://www.dropbox.com/s/6948i6fq2pj14pi/philosophers.pdf?dl=0

Writers                                                   https://www.dropbox.com/s/inrz7axrjf3xokd/writers2.pdf?dl=0 https://www.dropbox.com/s/v55ispeytenj34n/writers.pdf?dl=0

Mathematicians                      https://www.dropbox.com/s/8cmcgccqtuif0gc/mathematicians.pdf?dl=0   https://www.dropbox.com/s/9nmfqhnnvlriu1w/mathematicians%202.pdf?dl=0

Coders  and programmers                                                    https://www.dropbox.com/s/s2a5oz8iwyoxh8q/coders.pdf?dl=0 https://www.dropbox.com/s/ipoallq4xag29ar/Programmers.pdf?dl=0

Geographers                                       https://www.dropbox.com/s/t85j8i4gn7stqr4/geographers.pdf?dl=0                        https://www.dropbox.com/s/zn14tyyt10j6zk8/geographers2.pdf?dl=0

Psychologists                                   https://www.dropbox.com/s/zn5lutobjv1wzl7/psychologist.pdf?dl=0

Picture1

Further stuff on oracy:
If you want to see how a school is developing oracy and vocabulary here are three very good places to start – all from @shaun_allison, @atharby and the staff of Durrington High School.

https://classteaching.wordpress.com/2013/05/09/developing-oracy-skills/

https://classteaching.wordpress.com/2016/01/25/subject-pedagogy-development-session-2-vocabulary-matters/

https://classteaching.wordpress.com/2015/11/12/how-can-we-improve-the-vocabulary-knowledge-of-students/

For us it’s a work in progress.

Hope the resources come in useful.

Doing the right thing even when nobody is watching: Unseen observations

I often have the definition of ‘insanity’ offered (allegedly) by Albert Einstein in my mind when I plan developments at my own school. My wonderful late colleague Paul Ginnis often started his training days with it.

Insanity is ‘Doing the same thing, the same way and expecting a different result’.

As the outcomes and quality of teaching improve year on year at Bridgwater College Academy (Third most improved school in SW England), I often wonder ‘Where does our next 5% come from?’ The bar is higher now and raising it even further is harder.

Recently my colleague, Candida Gould (@candidagould), and I have been keen to establish our vision for professional development, learning and growth at BCA and have now arrived at this as our statement of intent:
To promote and sustain professional growth that is based on collaborative high-trust processes with a collective responsibility for children’s outcomes.

Underpinning this vision are these 6 principles that will hopefully guide us towards that vision:

Shared values and vision.
Mutual trust, respect and support.
A collective responsibility for children’s learning.
Learning focused collaboration.
Reflective professional enquiry.
Solution focused approaches.

The purpose of lesson observation at our academy:

  • To stimulate professional reflection and dialogue.
  • To inform the coaching process and future developments both as an individual and at whole academy level.
  • To help us to deepen our understanding of learning and how we can, and do, make an impact upon it.
  • To make us even better teachers.

The main purpose of lesson observation at BCA is NOT to judge the quality of teachers but to help teachers, through support and coaching, to become even better at improving children’s learning.

We have moved away from using lesson observation as a method of evaluating teachers and now more typically use:
Outcomes (not just in exams).
Data tracking of children’s progress.
Typicality (not show boating or show casing) evidenced in ‘drop ins’ and ‘on call’ visits.
Evidence in ‘books’.
Behaviour log patterns.
Student voice; understanding of their next steps.

To further extend the trust we have in our staff to ‘do the right thing when nobody is looking’ we plan to trial the idea of ‘unseen observations’ in the summer term. This is process I first heard of through the work of @drmattoleary in his book on classroom observations. http://www.amazon.co.uk/Classroom-Observation-Matt-OLeary/dp/0415525799

unseen obs

the unseen observation will be the third of three observations. The first one in the Autumn Term focuses on an area of personal development; the second in the Spring Term is going to observe a colleague who is working, or has worked, on a similar focus in order to learn from them; the third one is the ‘unseen observation’. One of the principle aims of the ‘unseen observation’ at our academy will be to provide an opportunity for our teachers to engage in analysis of, and reflection on, their teaching. There is no observer entering the classroom and, therefore, no disturbance to the classroom dynamics.

ted_wragg_small“When someone new comes into the classroom to observe, then the very presence of an additional adult who is not normally present may influence what happens”
(Wragg, E. C. 2012. An introduction to classroom observation).

The ‘observation’ is undertaken by the teacher with the development work happening mainly in the pre and post-lesson conversations.

The purpose of this approach to observations is to further eliminate ‘showboating’ and ‘hoop jumping’ and create an opportunity for reflection, analysis and sharing. This takes place through the detailed conversation about the teacher’s planning and analysis of its effectiveness. The stimulus for the professional dialogue between the supporting teacher(s) and the teacher and is based on the letter’s self-analysis of the lesson itself. The focus for the work is the teacher’s own chosen area for growth as outlined in their personal development plan (PDP).

1: Phase/Year group/subject meeting

The teachers share and explain to their respective teams what they have been focusing on this year. The purpose is to find out about the different PDP focuses, what strategies are being employed, what learning tasks and activities are being used, and how they use them in order to address the focus of their PDP.

quotation-marks-1“The teacher’s experience and perceptions of the teaching situation form the basis for the collaborator’s work in development.”

(D. Freeman 1989 Teacher training, Development, and Decision Making: A model of teaching and related strategies for language teacher education).

The teachers at their respective planning meetings talk through their PDPs; what they have been focusing on and what impact they hope to have. Then they present their plans for their ‘unseen observations’ and the team collaboratively plan further to ensure the explicit practice of their chosen focus. The other teachers’ (‘observers’) role is to listen, not to judge. To support, guide and challenge each other.

‘Observers’ should play the role of ‘question asker’ only without interfering in the teacher’s thoughts or impeding the plan they have prepared. The observers’ job is to inquire more than to dictate or even suggest. The focus here is to encourage the teacher to reason their decisions about the lesson and to create a self-analytical approach.
(Quirke, P. 1996. Using unseen observations for an in-service teacher development programme).

Each teacher may be given a series of questions to consider during the lesson to facilitate further reflection and analysis. These questions help focus on ‘why’ and aim to aid the teacher’s objective analysis. They are worked out with the teacher and differ for each case. The various year or subject teams encourage each other to articulate their ideas and put them into practice, thereby hopefully promoting the teacher’s development and tangible impact on the children’s learning.

2: The unseen lesson.moonwalking-with-einstein-book-cover

The secret to improving a skill is to retain some degree of conscious control over it while practising…to force oneself out of autopilot.

(Moonwalking with Einstein. J Foer.)

The teacher teaches the lesson without worry that something might not go to plan. The purpose of the lesson is to consciously practise and make explicit the strategies that address the issues outlined in their PDP. The purpose is not only to observe ‘How do I teach?’, but to decide ‘Why do I teach what I teach?’, ‘Why do I teach how I do?’ and ‘What impact am I having on the children’s learning?’ The other purpose of the unseen observation is to inform the write up of their PDP.

3: Post lesson discussion and feedback.

51mIhQBPyiL__SX402_BO1,204,203,200_“Conversations about practice constitute a critical vehicle for professional learning.”

Charlotte Danielson – Talk about teaching
http://www.amazon.co.uk/Talk-About-Teaching-Professional-Conversations/dp/1483373797

At a subsequent team each teacher recalls the lesson, sharing a realistic picture of what happened. The team listen to the teacher’s version of it after the event. They see the lesson through the eyes of the teacher and rely on the teacher as a professional to accurately report back.

The ‘observers’ role is to ask questions about the lessons. This does not include any type of evaluation by the observers as the main purpose is to reveal what happened in the unseen lesson.

Reflective discussion can be quite a challenge and it is important that the team encouragPicture2e reflection through a series of questions that enable the teacher to unpick the ‘unseen’ lesson.

The familiar GROW structure helps here.

 

4: Personal development plan (PDP) write up and sharing.

Each teacher prior to the feedback team meeting complete a write up of their PDP which addresses the following four questions:

What did you intend to achieve this year?
What did you do to move towards achieving this aim?
What has the impact been of this work on the children’s learning?
How might you further develop this work?

At the team meeting, after all have shared their unseen lesson, each teacher has an opportunity to share this write up so all team members are aware of their colleague’s work and may also learn from each other. To ensure that professional growth is seen as a continuous process, the team may suggest possible areas for development and a potential future focus for continuing research and professional growth.

This approach is a way to encourage trust and autonomy; for teachers to take responsibility for their own professional growth, to depend on themselves and each other in terms of evaluating their own practice and further move them towards excellence without the need for an observer. It also encourages accountability as all are expected to contribute and is an efficient and effective way to round off the year of PDP focused professional growth.

 I trust my teachers to be do the right thing even when no one is watching…
…and they do!

Tell me what you think.

Picture1

 

 

Evidence based & reflective observations

As I have written in previous posts (here and here) we haven’t judged lesson at Bridgwater College Academy for 5 years. When we do observe a lesson there is always a focus for the observation and this is generally the individual teacher’s negotiated ‘Personal Development Plan’ focus, which I have written previously about here.

Lesson notes are recorded on a blank piece of paper; no tick boxes, no grade boxes, no WWW and EBI. Our blank piece of paper model assumes several things:

  1. There is no preferred methodology in teaching and the observer is not looking for a specific lesson structure.
  2. The observer goes in with an open mind. The observer goes in with no agenda other than to support and develop that teacher.
  3. The agenda for the observation is provided by the teacher and the observer simply records some evidence of this focus to share with the teacher after the lesson, together with some questions to help the teacher reflect on the lesson. I always encourage my staff to prepare questions before the ‘debrief’. Many of these reflective questions are recorded on the observation notes.

At Bridgwater College Academy we use the IOS app ‘Notability’ on our iPads which allows us to take notes, add and annotate photos, and include links to resources.

wpid-notability_startupRead more about Notability here: http://www.gingerlabs.com/

At the last look it costs £9.99 and is available here: https://itunes.apple.com/gb/app/notability/id360593530?mt=8

 

There are, of course, other note taking apps but I love this one personally

What these notes do is provide the necessary evidence for the teacher on which to reflect on their teaching. This also means that I can email the notes as a pdf to the teacher before I’ve even left their classroom so that they have time to read through my notes before we meet later. They end up being anywhere between 2 – 4mb so may quickly fill up your school email allowance depending on how much you have.

Here is an example of the notes I take. These are recorded ‘live’ in the lesson.

image

Have a closer look here: Sarah 17 Oct 2014

Lesson evidence, through photos and lesson data including timings, together with reflective questions means that these notes are focused and non-judgemental. They focus on strategies, not people; on teaching and not teachers. They help establish reality; what really happened during the lesson. In many cases what we think is happening is different from what is actually happening in our lessons. Objective data helps enormously here. It is a description rather than an evaluation. I find that when staff are aware of what happened they are so much more accepting of feedback or advice and are generally in a stronger position to make next step commitments themselves. These notes contribute to our culture of ongoing self-evaluation in which teachers are empowered to take responsibility for their professional development. The focus is on reflection and coaching, that is learning from our actions and acting upon our new learning.

Taking photos in lessons also provides us with evidence of effective practice to share with other colleagues at meetings.

The post lesson dialogue utilises the GROW model and focuses on the teacher’s agenda. The post lesson conversation involves a structured dialogue: GROW with a positive outcome as a result of the coaching conversation. When done well it involves listening, reflecting back, asking great questions, making suggestions and helping teachers to solve their own issues.

vervrev

This ‘follow up professional dialogue’ outlines what the next step is for that teacher to become even better and locks in their commitment to action. Again it uses GROW as a structure and is captured on this proforma:

IMG_8296

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tell me what you think. Works for us.

GROWing your teachers

 

GROWing your teachers.

I recently tweeted a photograph of our lesson observation proforma that we use at my school, Bridgwater College Academy and to my absolute amazement it got favourited and retweeted over 100 times.IMG_3503

It is, as you can see, just a blank sheet of paper; no tick boxes, no grade boxes, no WWW and EBI. There are several well-conceived reasons why this is the case.
As a consultant I have worked in over 200 schools, all of which have a slightly different take on the lesson observation process, what to look for and how to record it. The worst ones, in my opinion, are a series of complex tick boxes that distract you from really taking in what is happening in front of you. Some observers are so busy filling in forms they miss the subtle nuances that make great teaching. Teachers often attempt, therefore, to tick all the boxes resulting in cluttered lessons and unresponsive teaching.

Our blank piece of paper model assumes several things:
a) There is no preferred methodology in teaching and the observer is not looking for a specific lesson structure.
b) The observer goes in with an open mind. The observer goes in with no agenda other than to support and develop that teacher.
c) The agenda for the observation is provided by the teacher and the observer simply records some evidence of this focus to share with the teacher after the lesson, together with some questions to help the teacher reflect on the lesson. I always encourage my staff to prepare questions before the ‘debrief’.

I provide staff with this bookmark which has a series of questions on it to get them started and help structure the dialogue. It is just a guide.

IMG_3511

The post lesson dialogue utilises the GROW model and therefore…
• Focuses on the teacher’s agenda
• Involves lots of listening
• Involves a structured dialogue: GROW with a positive outcome as a result of the coaching conversation.

I personally use the app Notability on my iPad which allows me to take notes, add photos, include links to resources and so on to provide the necessary evidence for the teacher. This also means that I can email the notes as a pdf to the teacher before I’ve even left their classroom so that they have time to read through my notes before we meet later.

The only piece of paper I require as a result of an observation is this ‘follow up professional dialogue’ sheet. This outlines what the next step is for that teacher to become even better. Again it uses GROW as a structure. IMG_3510

As Head of Staff Development I receive a copy of this GROW sheet from every teacher which enables me to have a good picture of what every one of the 69 teachers I have at my academy intends to achieve. I can then support (and challenge) them accordingly and also link them up with other staff.

I have recently worked in a variety of schools to establish processes that better reflect this developmental approach. Please let me know what you think and also if I may be able to help your school too.

A Rough Guide To Differentiation

Here are some brief notes from my recent workshop at #TMNSL 2014 which were also posted here.

Our students differ from each other in so many ways:

  • Prior knowledge and expertise
  • Ability
  • Language development
  • Motivation
  • Interest
  • Family background and values
  • How they learn best
  • Where and when they learn best
  • Speed at which they learn
  • Levels of concentration
  • Confidence and self esteem
  • Physique

This is not an exhaustive list but it would appear that it may be prudent to consider these factors when planning some great learning for our children.

Picture1

There are several ways by which we can make the learning more accessible for all our learners…

  • Task
  • Resource
  • Outcome
  • Questions
  • Time
  • Steps to take in an activity
  • Support – peer/adult/virtual
  • Grouping
  • Pupil choice
  • Curriculum
  • Assessment & feedback

The top two sound too much like hard work for busy teachers so in the workshop at #TMNSL 2014 we briefly looked at the possibilities of differentiating by choice.

Before though we considered the fact that John Hattie suggests that…

“A teachers’ job is not to make work easy. It is to make it difficult”.

He goes on to say that…

“If you are not challenged, you do not make mistakes. If you do not make mistakes, feedback is useless.”

Lev Vygotsky suggests that our students should operate within their ‘Zones of Proximal Development’. This involves facing challenges just beyond their current capabilities: a level of challenge that students can meet with help. Learning should feel tough, tricky, challenging, puzzling but not impossible.

Picture from http://www.simplypsychology.org/vygotsky.html

To provide a challenging level of learning we need to know our students. Ensure that you have simple, understandable and usable pupil data available and use this data when planning and structuring teaching and learning in your classroom. Data together with any other relevant information about your students is best collated on an annotated seating plan or student profile. Have this annotated seating plan to hand and in the forefront of your mind as you prepare fabulous lessons. Remember to also have their recently marked books with you too as marking should of course always inform your lesson planning.

Start with the end in mind: plan for learning. Establish a clear objective and tangible outcomes, avoiding the devil of low expectation – Must Should Could. Quite simply the wrong language to be using with teenagers!

Same task, different level of challenge. When you differentiate, you plan for the most able in terms of outcomes and then look at how to overcome the barriers for other groups in your class to enable them to access these outcomes – you then adapt resources, support and grouping to differentiate.

Research from Professor Robert Ornstein indicates that when learners feel as if they have some control and choice over the type of task that they are about to do, they feel more positive and motivated.

So try to differentiate through choice eg Let the students choose their level of challenge (seen here from one of our year three classes) or use workshops or drop in sessions: a series of inputs or demonstrations that students come to if, and only if, they need them (demonstrated here by one of our year three classes again). Attendance at the year three workshops is triggered by your teacher’s feedback in your book. More perceived choice really!

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Drop in workshops from BCA’s Year 3 Birch Class

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Maths options from BCA’s Year 3 Maple Class

Here is an example of a teacher who has allocated specific times to specific exam questions so that students may attend ten minute drop ins to support their undertsanding, if required.

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Drop ins with time allocation in a Year 13 A level class

Here are my differentiation top tips:

  • Know your class and demonstrate this through up-to-date, annotated seating plans and student profiles. Use this ever-developing knowledge base to enable you to adapt your approach for who is in front of you. Gather information that enables you to connect to them as individuals.
  • Challenge them and have really high expectations. Keep the bar high always and present learning without limits. Share excellence with them so they can see and understand your high expectations. Use modelling and explanation so that they are clear about what constitutes excellence.
  • Encourage your students to make and learn from mistakes. Then feedback can come into play. Don’t be tempted to say “If you’ve got a problem, put your hand up and I will come and help”. Try to help them build resilience in the face of difficulty. Make them sweat.
  • Opportunities for students to express their understanding and articulate their thoughts should be designed into any lesson. The more you hear and see the more you find out and the better you plan, respond and adapt to what happens during the lesson. Great teachers are great listeners too. Be a flexible, adaptive and responsive teacher.
  • Mark their books and provide your students with more work. Provide them with an opportunity to make your suggested improvements: the only time you will ever have 30 different lesson plans – gold plated differentiation!

picture1

Here are my differentiation bookmarks.

My late great ‘freelance’ boss and colleague @paulginnis posted his 2009 ‘Different Differentiation’ booklet here.

Please feel free to tweet me with your differentiation thoughts and ideas @chrismoyse. Will post some further ideas soon.

We go to learn NOT teach – Developmental lesson observations.

There has been much debate in recent months about lesson observations and whether or not we should judge them. It would seem that many schools are now ‘seeing the light’ and thankfully deciding that this is a flawed and unnecessary practice.
At Bridgwater College Academy we have not judged lessons for four years now and have tried to develop a system and culture that support the development of our teaching staff. This is, of course, still a work in progress and this post outlines the process that builds upon what we have done in the last few years and will be in place next academic year at our academy.
As one way of improving outcomes for our students we will continue to improve teacher quality and to do that we will improve professional development. The vision and approach I have for professional development at BCA is that there is an explicit obligation for individual colleagues to take responsibility for their own professional development with SUPPORT and CHALLENGE provided from all levels. Whilst we acknowledge that we, of course, work within parameters, it is essentially left to staff in negotiation with line managers to establish their own focus for their professional development. However, the choice will be inevitably limited by academy, subject, curriculum, key stage demands.

At our most recent all academy staff meeting we decided as a staff body to develop the way we use observations for professional development purposes. This post outlines what the process will look like next year at Bridgwater College Academy.

2014-2015 will start with celebration and reflection in the form of a ‘teaching and learning fair’ at one of our professional development days at the start of the year. This will be an opportunity for the staff at our academy from all phases (we are an all through 3-16 academy) to get together and share their professional development focus and successes from the previous academic year in a marketplace type event. Staff are expected to set out their ‘stalls’ in the morning prior to an afternoon of sharing and professional dialogue.

September
Reflection and action

September 2014 will be a time of reflection and action. At some point during September, every teacher in the academy will be, as in previous years, required to video one of their lessons – these videos are the property of the teacher and used solely as just one way to inform their decisions about the priorities for their own professional development. I do not get to see them unless staff ask me to watch them, which has happened but is inevitably uncommon. Staff in the secondary phase tend to record a whole lesson whereas staff in our primary phase generally record specific elements of their teaching such as whole class teaching or working with a specific group.

In September all teaching staff are issued with a Professional Portfolio; a file in which they are encouraged to document and evidence their successes.

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In September all staff are required to compose their own Personal Development Plan (PDP). This is an evidence based document that forms the focus of all subsequent personalised professional development. This important document is evidence based in three ways. Firstly, any knowledge that our teachers have already about their teaching through previous observations and their own professional judgement should inform the completion of their Personal Development Plan.

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This is generally information stored in their Professional Portfolio.Secondly, the insights they glean from their video will inform its construction and thirdly that research evidence suggests that the focus of their PDP is worth pursuing in the first place. The PDP will then be agreed and written in negotiation with your line manager. The focus of this ‘PDP’ is also established within the parameters of our ‘framework for exceptional teaching’: our T&L policy.

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October
Action and practice
October 2014 will be a time of action and practice. The newly established focus for professional development is broken down into manageable time phased chunks and sustained, deliberate practice is encouraged. The focus for all teachers’ professional development is displayed in every classroom so that anyone visiting a classroom may be able to provide some feedback on the desired focus. This display also has the added advantage of conveying to our children that teachers are also learners.

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By October half term 2014 every teacher will have been through the annual Appraisal & Capability process and have established 2-3 targets: a data driven target based on their class or key group, a teaching and learning target (this is simply the PDP target to avoid any additional and superfluous extras) and if you have a leadership responsibility you will also have a leadership target.
Within our Appraisal and Capability policy there is a requirement to attempt to complete the PDP fully and then to actively engage in professional development throughout the year in order to improve or disseminate effective teaching practice. In effect, teachers are required to proactively seek to continually develop their professional practice.

CPD tied to targets and professional standards can inhibit teachers taking risks and experimenting with new teaching strategies. We often set targets that we know we can achieve rather than really challenge ourselves. To counter this we are trying to create a culture of personalised and continuous improvement. Therefore, we see that it is the responsibility of our teachers to continue to improve their classroom skill and to focus the improvement on ideas supported by evidence. It is the responsibility of our leaders to create this expectation for continuous improvement, keep the focus on what is likely to improve achievement, provide support and challenge and encourage risk taking. The removal of lesson grades certainly has a beneficial effect on the willingness of teachers to take risks. Lesson observations at BCA are NOT graded and NEVER will be.

November
Practice and feedback
The first of three lesson observations will take place at some mutually convenient point in November 2014. The purpose of lesson observation at BCA is to…
…accurately portray what is happening typically in the classrooms across our academy.
…stimulate professional reflection and dialogue.
…inform the coaching process and future developments both as an individual and at whole academy level.
…help us deepen our understanding of learning and how we can, and do, make an impact upon it.
…make us even better teachers.
The purpose of lesson observations at our academy is emailed to staff prior to any period of observation and staff are encouraged to contact me if they feel that their observation did not meet these expectations.

Observations during November 2014 will be focused on the Personal Development Plan and conducted by your line manager. The date, time and group are all determined by the teacher not the observer. Cover will be made available for the observer if required. On several occasions, throughout all phases of the academy, I will join the observers to create an opportunity for additional dialogue and ‘quality assure’ the process. It is hoped that much of the observation and coaching will be ‘live’ – real time feedback to affect change there and then. This works especially well with less experienced colleagues who more actively seek guidance. I personally will observe all new qualified teachers with their mentor and all second year teachers with their mentor too.

Any lesson notes will be recorded on our essentially blank lesson observation sheet – not a tick box in sight! It is all about evidence of the PDP focus in action and questions composed by the observer with the intention of encouraging the teacher to reflect on reality. There are no evaluative comments, just information on which to reflect – a story of the lesson focus if you like. After the lesson there will be a meeting to discuss the lesson and at the end of this professional dialogue the teacher and observer must agree…
Goal: What do you want next?
Reality: Current situation?
Options: What could you do?
What, who and by when: What will you do?
Success Criteria: How will you know you’ve been successful?
Support: Who is going to support you with this and how?
Share: How are you going to share your successes with others?

At the end of any professional dialogue at our academy each person must go away knowing exactly what their next steps are to be.

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January to March
Action, practice, collaboration, coaching, and learning.
Traditionally this has been a time when members of the academy leadership team observe all teachers at the academy. Next year we have dispensed with this as an approach and have decided that the theme of this round of ‘observations’ is…
We go to a lesson observation to LEARN not teach.

Therefore, it is planned that the ‘observations’ that take place throughout the spring term 2015 will be focused again on the Personal Development Plan. They are called ‘Peer Support’ as opposed to peer observations. However, instead of someone coming to you to give you feedback on your development focus, there will be a requirement for you to visit another teacher to learn alongside this colleague. The teacher you visit will have a similar focus to you and it is also planned that CPD time will be made available for you to plan alongside this colleague prior to visiting and learning with them. The ‘observing’ teacher will record their visit in two ways.
‘What I noticed’ and…
‘What I am going to take from this lesson to help my own teaching’
There will be an expectation that, as a result of your visit, you also consider your ‘next steps to excellence’:
Goal
What do I want?
Reality
What is the current situation?
Options
What could you do?
What and by when
What will you do?
Success Criteria
How will you know you’ve been successful?

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To enable staff to visit other teachers the senior leadership team will cover lessons. The leadership team will also use this time to look at books in your classroom and talk to students about their learning. CPD time to meet, share and plan in groups based on personal development plans will be made available and staff will be grouped to enable and encourage sharing and the ongoing development of the PDP. These grouping will be displayed to enable staff to initiate their own study groups.

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I would like this round of observations to take the form of ‘lesson study’ and I will be encouraging some pilot groups to trial ideas in classroom based collaborative action research. Hopefully this will involve 2 or 3 staff in each ‘study group’. The focus for their work being a similar identified aspect. They will research the pedagogy, collaboratively plan with one teacher delivering but the others involved too in some capacity. There will be a subsequent debrief and reciprocal visit. This will be a work in progress for next year.

APRIL and MAY
Practice and refining
Further practice and refining of appropriate classroom strategies.

JUNE
Feedback, coaching, and reflection.
These observations will be similar in purpose to November and, therefore, observations during June 2015 will be focused on the Personal Development Plan and conducted by your line manager. The date, time and group are all determined by the teacher not the observer. Information about your lesson will be recorded on our lesson observation sheet and a follow up dialogue undertaken in the same way as it happened in November.

JULY
Sharing and celebration
In July 2015 there will be a whole academy Teachmeet which will showcase and share effective practice:
Direction of travel keynote from me
Learning Innovator Projects
Other projects
‘Bright spots’ and innovation
Nano presentations

Throughout the year we will further look at approaches which enable staff to learn from each other;
‘Finding the bright spots’ (thanks to @shaun_allison for the phrase) leadership learning walks with the intention of spotting best practice to further share.
Subject / curriculum leaders learning walks
Key stage leaders learning walks
Heads of year learning walks
NQT and RQT learning walks
Open weeks

We are currently running a staff competition to rename ‘learning walks’. We all know what they are but I just hate the name!!

At BCA we must try to make our professional development genuinely continuous and continuously effective. Coaching is very much becoming a way of working for us. Although we ‘train’ some staff as coaches, our aspiration is for everyone at BCA to become a coach. Coaching at our academy will help build capacity, foster a better team spirit and spark dialogue about pedagogy. Over time it will lead to sustained improvement, personalise even more our CPD programme and empower our teaching staff. Hopefully in time our support staff too but one step at a time!

Effective professional development at Bridgwater College Academy focuses on improved student learning not teacher behaviour. It identifies teacher development needs based on the student’s learning needs and builds on teachers’ existing skill, providing a balance of improving students learning and transferable teaching skills. It offers choice to our teachers but is based on evidence: that this focus will have an impact and research suggests that it is a focus worth pursuing. Our professional development is about taking small sustainable steps and embedding practice; making it habitual through periods of sustained practice. The whole process is collaborative; providing support and challenge, and involves observing and coaching each other. Each teacher’s professional development is actively sustained for a significant amount of time with cycles of trialling, practising, reflecting, and adjusting. The process that each member of staff goes through is celebrated and shared and encourages excellence.

We need to be the very best we can be at our school and it is hoped that through sustained practice with lots of immediate coaching feedback, reflection and gradually, but consistently, raising the level of challenge we will create an environment for excellence. That’s the plan anyway! Please tell me what you think.